2015年6月英語六級選詞填空練習(4)

2015-06-09 15:55:25來源:網絡
  • 【六級必過】
  • 【六級必過】
  • 【六級必過】

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.

  In the second half of the twentieth century, many countries of the South began to send students to the industrialized countries for further education. They(36)needed supplies of highly trained personnel to(37) a concept of development based on modernization. But many of these students decided to stay on in the developed

  countries when they had finished their training.

  In the 1960s, some Latin American countries tried to solve this problem by setting up special "return"programs to encourage their professionals to come back home. These programs received support from international bodies such as the International Organization for Migration, which in 1974enabled over 1,60038scientists and technicians to return to Latin America.

  In the 1980s and 1990s, "temporary return" programs were set up in order to make the best use of trained personnel(39)strategic positions in the developed countries. This gave rise to the United Nations Development Program's Transfer of Knowledge through Expatriate Nationals, which encourages technicians and scientists to work in their own countries for short periods. But the brain drain from these countries may well increase in(40) to the new laws of the international market in knowledge.

  Recent studies (41) that the most developed countries are going to need more and more highly qualified professionals around twice as many as their educational systems will be able to produce, or so it is thought. As a (42)there is an urgent need for developing countries which send students abroad to give(43)to fields where they need competent people to give muscle to their own institutions, instead of encouraging the training of people who may not come back because there are no professional outlets for them. And the countries of the South must not be content with institutional structures that simply take back professionals sent abroad; they must introduce(44)administrative procedures to encourage them to return. If they do not do this, the brain drain is(45)to continue.

  A. forecast

  B. flexible

  C. neutrally

  D. preference

  E.detachM

  F. bound

  G. implement

  H. consequence

  I. qualified

  J. dismissing

  K. result

  L.occupying

  M. urgently

  N . skeptical

  O . response

  20世紀下半葉,很多發展中國家開始把本國學生送往工業化國家深造。他們[36]迫切需要大批訓練有素的專業人才以[37]落實基于現代化的發展觀。

  20世紀60年代。一些拉美國家設法通過設立專門的“回歸”項目,鼓勵其專業人才回國,以使這個問題得到解決。這些項目得到了諸如國際移民組織等國際機構的支持龙8电子游戏网址,因此,1974年,1600多位[38]合格的科學家和技術人員得以回到拉丁美洲。

  在20世紀80~90年代龙8电子游戏网址,“暫時性回歸”項目得以設立龙8电子游戏网址,旨在使那些在發達國家[39]擔任戰略性職位的專門人才人盡其用。這也促使聯合國發展計劃署設立了“外僑傳遞知識”項目。該項目鼓勵技術人員和科學家在自己的祖國進行短期的工作。但是[40]  由于知識界國際市場的新法則,這些國家的人才流失或許會更加嚴重。

  最近的研究[41]預測,最發達的國家將會需要越來越多的高素質專業人才,所需人數大概是其教育系統所能培養的人才的兩倍。或者也可以說,人們是這么認為的。[42]因此派學生出國留學的發展中國家急需向那些需要有能力的人來加強其體系的領域[43]傾斜,而不是鼓勵培養那些由于找不到專業出路而有可能不回國的人。并且發展中國家不應該只滿足于那種簡單地把派往海外的專業人才送回國的體制結構,而是必須要引進[44]靈活的管理程序以鼓勵留學生回國。如果它們不這樣做,人才流失問題[45] 必定會繼續存在。

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